Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the term used to describe the damage to the brain suffered as a result of a sudden physical force. The human brain consists of billions of microscopic fibers, suspended in cerebrospinal fluid. While the exterior skull is smooth, the inner surface contains ribbing and pronounced bony structures. Impact with these inner surfaces of the skull causes tearing and bruising that results in brain damage. A brain injury is often called an invisible injury. It’s a difficult and complex injury to diagnose and treat, and recovery is not indicative of how a person looks or acts. Someone may not even spend a lot of time in the hospital after a TBI.
Traumatic brain injuries occur for many different reasons, from falls to chemical exposure. The medical terms are confusing to someone who is not familiar with the language. Every TBI is different, which is something that your lawyer must consider when talking to physicians and juries. It takes more than just legal knowledge to present a case concerning a TBI. Injuries occur when momentum of the brain causes it to impact against a skull that has been decelerated. Typically, TBI is caused by the impact of the head with an object, such as when hitting a windshield or the dashboard of a car. In such cases, the injury is considered to be a closed head injury. Closed head injury also may occur when the brain undergoes a severe forward or backward shaking, such as with infants who are mishandled or in cases involving whiplash suffered during an automobile accident.
TBI can also be caused by a penetrating head injury, whereby an object such as a bullet penetrates through the skull and into the brain. Closed head injuries present unique challenges in litigation since they often will demonstrate no obvious external symptoms of injury, even though the damage to the brain can be severe. TBI does not refer to brain injuries or defects that are hereditary, congenital or degenerative, or induced by birth trauma, toxic substances, or disease-producing organisms.
An attorney who specializes in TBI has to understand the legal information concerning your injury. A brain injury is not a typical personal injury case and could involve many more issues than you ever imagined. Find the right professional who understands the difficulties of your fragile injury and complex case. If you or a loved one is dealing with a traumatic brain injury, you need an attorney with the experience to speak to your doctors and witnesses, then translate that into getting a settlement for you.
To schedule an appointment for a free case consultation with a brain injury attorney from the Shapiro Law Firm, call (850) 629-7226 today.